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20090925Db_EL_068=_MG_5600-Rainbow-Lorikeet-scratching-Brisbane-Australia-EL+PS.jpg
An Australian Rainbow Lorikeet shows its zygodactyl toes, two pointing forward, two pointing back while scratching its head.  //  Rainbow Lorikeet - (Psittacidae: Trichoglossus haematodus) Length to 35cm; wingspan to 46cm; weight to 130g. The green areas of its plumage turn brown when saturated with water, and return to green when dry, indicating that green is a structural colour caused by interference with the wavelength of light, rather than a pigment embedded in the feather. Zygodactyl toes are found in all parrots.  Found in coastal regions in northern and eastern Australia from the Kimberley Region in northern Western Australia (Red-collared Lorikeet) to eastern South Australia. Occurs in forests, woodlands and rural and urban areas. Feeds mainly on nectar and pollen which it gathers with its brush-tipped tongue. Aviary-escapees are established in many towns and cities. Now occurs in south-west Western Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong.  Widespread with many subspecies - often with a different name - from eastern Indonesia (Maluku = Molucca Islands) through New Guinea east to Vanuatu and New Caledonia, north through Manus and the Admiralty Islands the Philippine Islands (taxonomy of the group is not yet finalised and this may be a different species). Common. IUCN Status: Least Concern.  //Eric Lindgren//